Saturday, November 19, 2016

Borobudur indonesia 7 wonders of the world

The name Borobudur course, already familiar to you. The temple is known as the largest Buddhist temple complex in Indonesia, but also the world's largest. Set it as one of UNESCO world heritage site in 1991. In addition to being the world's cultural heritage, the Borobudur Temple also became one of the tourist attractions that attract many domestic and foreign tourists. Tourist attractions in Central Java has an area of ​​123 x 123 square meters and consists of 10 floors. The building is composed of volcanic blocks that make up the 504 sculptures, 72 stupas and a large main stupa at the peak. Uniquely, the beams are arranged without using glue or cement, the complex looks like a giant Lego set.

Borobudur temple walls decorated around 1,460 relief panels with each panel length of 2 meters. This relief panels tell about the life of Buddha levels. Relief at the bottom of the temple called 'Kamadathu' which tells about the bad behavior of men who filled the world and make them lust go to hell. Relief central part called 'Rapadathu', tells the story of a man who had been freed from the passions of the world, while the top relief is 'Arupadhatu'. This relief depicts the top level where the gods reside.

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In addition to the three relief, there is still a relief panel at the bottom of the buried temple. According to historians, was buried relief called 'Karmawibhangga'. These reliefs that tell about the lowest levels of human. This relief depicts the bad behavior of men who follow their lusts, such as murder, rape and gossip. Even mentioned there are pictures of the marital relationship. Burial relief panel has two grounds for relief that is considered rude and for strengthening efforts to temple still standing upright.

Borobudur temple is known as one of the greatest masterpieces of human history. The composition of the volcanic beams and sculptured reliefs are a work of art that is unmatched in value. These sights also be evidence of ancient human civilization progress in the field of architecture, technology and literature. In this complex there are two museums that Mercury Marine Museum and the Museum Karmawibhangga. Mercury Marine Museum contains various collections and information about the history of Africa trade - Africa in the past, while museums Karmawibhangga contains information about Borobudur temple development.

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Not only the temples that attract attention, but also the surrounding natural landscape. On the south side of the temple there is the Bukit tappers who viewed resembles someone in a sleeping position. Besides Bukit tappers, there Sumbing Sindoro Mountain, Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi that surround this magnificent building.

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History Borobudur

Borobudur temple is expected to begin during the Sailendra dynasty built around the 9th century under the reign of King Samaratungga. Architects build the temple complex named Gunadharma successful designing this unusual building though not recognize the computer systems and other advanced technologies. The biggest temple complex construction can be finished around 50-70 years later. The name of Borobudur comes from the Sanskrit 'Vihara Buddha Uhr "meaning Buddhist Monastery on the Mount.

At that time, Borobudur is the largest center of religious activity. Until now, the influence of Islam in the 15th century. This temple was abandoned by the people who turn to Islam. Borobudur increasingly forgotten as the eruption of Mount Merapi volcanic ash that buried him.

In 1814, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles reveal the existence of Borobudur about after being informed of a large building covered with volcanic ash. Not only buried by volcanic ash, the temple when they are found also covered with shrubs.

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Since it was rediscovered, restoration and reconstruction efforts temples made from British colonial period, Dutch until Indonesia became independent. With the help of UNESCO and cultural historians from around the world, Indonesia continues to improve the condition of Borobudur